This is pretty simple stuff, and as the wall is going to be wallpapered, we don’t need the entire wall skimmed with new plaster. To remove and dispose of the existing plaster, then fix new plasterboards and skim, expect the work to take two days. Types . Be extremely wary of a builder that quotes on a per m2 rate, as the configuration of the walls or plan is what determines the price of the basic construction element. This involves stripping the old plaster which often includes drylining. In unit of area is m2 or ft2. Below is the average cost to overboard and plaster a ceiling per square metre. This is why it’s common to find pricing in terms of small, medium and large rooms. It states the following plasterboard installation costs as a rough guide: $8 to $16m2 for plasterboard -- installation only $15 to $20m2 for plasterboard -- supply and installation $4 to $16 per linear metre for cornice installation (mid-range) Show More. AfriSam All Purpose Cement 42,5N (50kg) bags. Therefore (a) will be the cheaper option /m2 yet they are both 20m2. hard plaster rates to range from $20 to $70 per square metre; wet plaster rates to be range from $45 to $90 per square metre; You can expect to be quoted a flat fee for a room or house - a figure which does not include removal of existing plaster and does not take into account difficult access. Currently in Stock. I was looking everywhere for a price to render my back wall, which has come loose. Artex ceilings cost more, and if the ceiling has wallpaper on it, you’ll need to overboard it as plaster doesn’t adhere well to paper and wallpaper adhesive. Prices by M2 Venetian Stucco Prices for Venetian Stucco to be applied are approx. The surface is then skimmed with tow layers of plaster. Then cost of plaster is fixed for thickness of plaster is different of 12 mm and 10 mm. The cost of plastering a room depends on the size of the room, as mentioned above. Prices vary depending on the area size of floor and type of screed materials used. Plastering services in Australia cost around $45/hr on average in 2017. Plaster medium room. Prices vary depending on the size of wall and type of render materials used. 9 posts • Page 1 of 1. masochists-r-us Posts: 255 Joined: Thu 13th Nov, 2008 9:18 pm Location: Northamptonshire. The average ceiling insulation cost per square metre in Australia ranges from $8 to $16 for materials and $8 to $10 per m2 for installation. Drywall / Gyprock plasterboard installation costs about $23 to $36 per m2; Hard wall plaster installation costs about $30 to $70 per m2 . We highly recommend using liquid flow screed by a manufacturer called Weber. Smaller projects, for example, a 2m x 2m room can be very awkward to work in, and the cost per square metre will be more than a larger project. The cost of plastering prep work ranges from $1-$3 per sq.ft. The North East, North West and Wales have the lowest values for these two parameters, hence the Household Income per head and the Building Costs are the lowest in England in these regions. Consumption of this material is usually up to 4 kg per 1 m2. Overboarding and plastering a small, medium or large ceiling should cost from £200, £280 and £425 respectively. £0.30 per KG. Our team are often asked how much does plastering cost or how much does plastering cost per m2 before any work takes place. New plasterboard adhered to the walls via dot and dab. Job. To plaster a medium sized room, you can expect to pay anywhere from £480 to £766, and the work will typically take two to three days to complete. How much does it cost to plaster a room? Examples of Large Sized Rooms:Lounge, kitchen, dining room, etc. 2–3 days. Here are a few average costs for hiring a tradesman to do some plastering: Job Description Avg. These are guidelines and should NOT be treated as a final quote. First we need to calculate area of plaster by length and width. For older homes constructed with sold walls or pre-1900, we recommend seeking the advice of a specialist who understand the importance of breathability in period properties. Because of this, plastering a room from scratch is slightly more expensive then re-plastering - see below for examples of these. Liquid screed can be pumped which eliminates the need for more labour costs. You can also send in photos of your plastering project and ask for a guide price too. Examples of Small Sized Rooms:Lobby, downstairs toilet, ensuite, etc. In general, large site projects and new builds work out far cheaper than domestic projects on a per metre basis. Plastering jobs generally fall into three types: fresh plastering, re-plastering, and skimming ceilings. Remove existing plasterboards yourself if appropriate to the project. Height of wall: m. Length of wall: m. You will need: Click here for our other building calculators . Visit our screeding services page if you would like to find out more. This work involves ripping out the existing plaster boards to an entire mid-sized room, installing new boards and plastering the surface with two layers. This project is for skimming as the original plasterboards are in good condition; just the surface plaster is poor. In general, plasterers won’t price small refurbishment projects per square metre but instead will want to look at the ceiling and provide a price based on how long the work will take. Plaster Repair Costs. Smaller projects can take a surprising amount of time compared to larger projects. Medium Sized Rooms Cost Approximately £900 plus. You will most likely be quoted on a per square meter basis. Plasterboards are secured over the existing boards and the fixings go thought to the ceiling joists. £575-£920. You can post questions and photos to The Plasterers Forum where experienced plasterers hang out and help both each other and members of the public. The cost will vary depending on the type of base coat needed. Disposing of tons of plaster and plasterboard isn’t cheap as it’s now considered hazardous waste so who is paying for this also affects the price on large projects. I love his punch line... "call lucas and you will be happy and satisfied" PLASTERING-BONDING-HARDWALL Plastering & Tiling Services EAST LONDON -ALL LONDON London … Use our Plaster Coverage Calculator to estimate the surface area and number of plaster bags required for your project. We also cover factors involved & the cost of plastering per m2. If you are looking for a per square metre cost you can expect hard Plaster to be $20-$70 per square metre and wet Plaster to be $45-$90 per square metre. Get a price for plastering by clicking the button below and filling out the form: See how much it costs to get a professional painter and decorator to paint the exterior walls of a typical three-bed home in the United Kingdom. Plastering costs vary depending on the materials used. They are based on a specific set of circumstances that may differ from your home or garden project Read more... Wall, Room & House Plastering Prices Updated For 2020/21, Please Review and Accept Our Data, Privacy and Cookie Policies -. Get up to 3 Quotes from local Renderers. How much sand and cement do I need to plaster a wall? In order to start you will need to know the height and width of each wall, ceiling or area you intend to cover. See professionally prepared estimates for gypsum plastering work. Dispose of the old plasterboard yourself, although be aware. The new skim on the surface covers damage or imperfections and the finished wall will be so smooth it can be painted. Medium Sized Rooms Cost Approximately £400 – £650. Delivery Next day available. Please bear in mind that these are only average estimates and should not be treated as a final quote. Whether the ceiling has Artex, if can be overboarded or just needs skimming, or needs completely replacing. Sto render cost per m2 is around £5 - £8 dearer per metre due to the fact the materials are more expensive compared to other render manufacturers. Anyway, this price is for skimming one ceiling to our front room: While extremely popular in the 1970s, Artex ceilings have fallen out of fashion, and the majority of homeowners now prefer smooth ceilings. Daily rate will cost you more as the workers will drag the heels however asking them to quote on a job they might under quote and take shortcuts. m³ . However, this will increase your cost by $1 to $3 per square foot. Overboard an old ceiling to a front room (7m x 5m) and apply two skim layers. This work involves ripping out the existing plaster boards to an entire mid-sized room, installing new boards and plastering the surface with two layers. some brickwork, blockwork or concrete, Gyproc plasterboard, expanded metal lath, or surfaces treated with bonding agents. Plasters A Thistle Bonding Coat is a gypsum undercoat plaster for use on low suction backgrounds, e.g. Both have a 20m2 surface area but (a) has 18 lm of walling and finishes and (b) has 24lm of walling finishes. Below you can find a rough outline of our plastering prices. Below you’ll find our price guides for the plastering of walls to a house. We’ve included VAT and scaffolding prices that we think you’ll need to pay too. This is how much we were told it would cost to skim plaster a front room of average dimensions (7m x 5m). Approximately £55 – £70 per M2 (including labour and materials). We’ve partnered with of the UK’s leading online tradesperson vetting services where you can find approved, rated and reviewed tradespeople and businesses. All this does is it gives you a starting point because until the plasterer comes in to have a look at the job at hand, all you have is an estimate. Be extremely wary of a builder that quotes on a per m2 rate, as the configuration of the walls or plan is what determines the price of the basic construction element. Rendering Costs per m 2 . A plasterer will already know his business overheads and the cost of a bag of plaster. When a wall has become uneven, chipped or even cracked, it will need to be replastered. Rates per msq will vary from areas and towns. Quotation Check may also earn a commission from other affiliate partners. Details. You’re likely to pay around £2 per metre for 4” by 2” stud wall timber at most DIY outlets. Typical price quoted. Plaster large room. from £35 - £80 per m² depending on the size of the area and subject to viewing. Enter Thickness of plaster (mm) Wall Dimensions (single row brick wall) Enter Length (m) Enter Height (m) Plaster Sand. Costs The cost of plaster can range greatly depending on the job. The prices above do not reflect these additional costs listed below. There are lots of reasons why prices fluctuate, and the size of the company you choose may have as something to do with it. The biggest difference is that you use plaster for internal walls and render for external ones. Our plastering company has over 20 years of experience in the industry working on all types of domestic and commercial projects.. 02:05 How to patch plaster Walls. The cost will vary depending on the thickness of insulation needed. Cement plaster covering is necessary to ensure the wall is weather proof from rain and sun. South: £50-70 per square metre Midlands: £40-55 per square metre North:: £35-50 per square metre. This type is more expensive compared to other types due to its greater impact resistance and aesthetics. Large Sized Rooms Cost Approximately £500 plus. Go see the prices on the Quotation Checker website; they’re suggesting a price for a new roof that’s much lower than that. 47 Smitham Bottom Ln, Purley, Croydon, South London, CR8 3DF, Opening Hours: Monday to Saturday: 8am - 6pm / Sunday: Closed (with exception to emergency callouts). How much does it cost to plaster a room? 1) plastering thickness 12mm & cement sand ratio 1:4 :- For a Sample calculation, I will assume a 12mm (0.012m) thick plaster and a mix ratio of 1:4 for plastering of 1 square metre brick wall Show More. Small Sized Rooms Cost Approximately £250 – £400. Estimate quantity for lime plaster with a three coat system. My current plaster rates are at $13.50 to $14.00 m2 if i go any higher I do not receive a phone call back. Where you find a competitor's lower price on the same stocked item, we'll beat it by 10 % Excludes trade quotes, stock liquidations, commercial quantities and MarketLink products. Average Plastering Prices. The estimates you’re given could be very different as no two jobs are ever the same. £636. Check stock in your local store ... Pre-mixed gypsum final coat plaster; Complies with EN 13279-1, type B1/20/2; Thistle Multi-Finish is a retarded hemihydrate, pre-mixed gypsum plaster, requiring only the addition of clean water to prepare it for use ; Data sheets. 5 – New Boards and Plaster to an Entire Room. However, for rising damp, specialists will usually recommend plasterboard that blocks salts and minerals from transferring through to the surface. Typical costs for a small room with a complete replastering all the walls of a small room would range from about £400 to £700, while simple reskimming would come in at £300 to £500. If you can clear the room of possessions yourself and provide your plasterer with dry space for mixing (i.e. Sometimes there are other costs to consider when having plastering, rendering or screeding works. 3. To plaster a medium sized room, you can expect to pay anywhere from £480 to £766, and the work will typically take two to three days to complete. Approximately £65 – £80 per M2 (including labour and materials). COST PER SQUARE METRE. Typical costs for a small room with a complete replastering all the walls of a small room would range from about £400 to £700, while simple reskimming would come in at £300 to £500. Ralph Plastering is certified by British Gypsum, holds accreditations with CHAS and SMAS Worksafe Contractor and is recommended by Weber. Option 2 – Board over the ceiling and skim, this is the best option but does cost more. The size and complexity of the project is also a factor. Most plasterers will offer you plastering prices per m2 or “square metre”. Price range. yourself. This will include the materials needed and the labour to get the plastering done. Large Sized Rooms Cost Approximately £650 plus. that a smaller one-person business doesn’t have. Enquire on 0860 141 141 Please note: Wastage of 5% to be allowed. See Some Before and After Photos... Ceilings - per Square Metre Option 1 – Apply a base coat and then two skim layers of plaster. Plastering the ceiling is one aspect of plastering that takes a lot of effort but can be done quickly with the right tools and equipment. If the customer is asking price per m2 on a bathroom then its likely they will get some polish lad in to do it for about 100 quid all in, speaking of polish, I was browsing through gumtree - this guy lucas charges 5m2. We have listed the prices for the 4 most popular rendering systems: Below you can find a rough idea on how much our liquid flow screed rendering services cost. New plasterboard adhered to the wall via dot and dab. Room size approx 2.1m x 2.2m – walls only. As an Amazon Associate, Quotation Check may earn from qualifying purchases. The … For a medium sized room the plaster, PVA, fixings and boards will cost around £300.00 and the waste disposal £50.00. Reduced screed depth in comparison to the more traditional screeding methods, such as sand and cement screed, which minimises heat storage. Brilliant! Approximately £55 – £70 per M2 (including labour and materials). Below is the average cost to overboard and plaster a ceiling per square metre. Try roof cleaning and coating, which might be cheaper than you think. Below you’ll find answers to common plastering questions, but if you have a technical question about any aspect of plastering, there is a great help forum you can try. In many ways, rendering is a similar process toplastering. We believe that our customers should have transparent quotations and consultation at all times. However, they will be charging a minimum of £100 for this in labour alone. Before I start I want to make a point which is prominent in most areas of life; these plastering costs are from qualified professionals who provide quality results. How to hard plaster a brick wall Walls. To find out quotes from local plasterers for your room, please fill out our form below. The minimum, maximum and average building costs per m2 depict a curve which is similar to the GDHI per head. Lime Plastering Costs. Plasterwork can be finished in several styles and texture. Most plasterers will offer you plastering prices per m2 or “square metre”. Prices vary depending on the size of room and type of plaster materials used. Enquire on 0860 … Great influence on the amount of plaster consumed has a grain of various sizes, as well as the thickness of the layer that is applied. This is how much wall skim plastering costs on a per square metre price. Plastering jobs generally fall into three types: fresh plastering, re-plastering, and skimming ceilings. Large Sized Rooms Cost Approximately £1200 plus. Approximately £40 – £60 per M2 (including labour and materials). No voids surrounding heating pipes which leads to a massive reduction in heat loss. In terms of materials, the cost is slightly lower buy the labour costs are the same, so the cost for a single wall is around £150 to £200. On average, it takes about 10 kg of gypsum mortar per 1 m2, if we assume a layer thickness of 1 cm. There is also decorative plaster. 01:21 How to install wall hooks Walls. Project 4 – Ceiling Plastering Cost Per Square Metre. The figures we’ve published are an average of the prices given to us by plasterers from around the UK for particular projects around the UK. a garage) and also an electrical supply, then you’re good to go. If you would like to get a better idea about how much does plastering cost specifically for your project, please get in touch for a free quote today! This is made of soil filled in to polypropylene gunny bags. We hope you found our plastering price guide insightful. Alternatively, please look on our. Drylining and skimming a wall costs on average £22 per metre square. Try [Quotation Check]. Cement consumption for 100 m2 = 380 kg Ans :- 3.8 kg (0.077 bags), 38 kg (0.77 bags) & 380 kg (7.7 bags) are cement consumption and requirement in 12mm thick plaster 1:5 for 1m2, 10m2 & 100m2 area of brick wall respectively. My current plaster rates are at $13.50 to $14.00 m2 if i go any higher I do not receive a phone call back. If you have any questions or would like to discuss your project, feel more than welcome to schedule a phone call or ring us directly. How much sand and cement do I need to plaster a wall? Skimming walls. Post by masochists-r-us » Sun 13th Feb, 2011 10:26 pm Have recently received what we think is a very expensive quote to lime plaster … We’ve published the average price and broken down the figures by region because, as you probably know, London and the south are far more expensive than northern areas. We are Weber Approved Installers and can offer 10 year guarantees for all screeding projects. 3 Common Plastering Jobs. Simply type in the height and length of a wall that you want to plaster and click on Calculate at the bottom, we will work out how much sand and cement that you need on the right of this page. Room size approx 3.3m x 3m – walls only. See how much they quoted us and discover the average benchmark price. Suppliers of Lime Mortar, Lime Plaster & Building Conservation Materials 01642 430 099. Download: Use this plaster calculator offline with our all-in-one calculator app for Android and iOS. Click & Collect. and normally increases project costs by 10% to 30%. Why Choose Flow Screed: Reduced screed depth in comparison to the more traditional screeding methods, such as sand and cement screed, which minimises heat storage. This does not include labour or the necessary costs for additional equipment or services. The specifics of the project can affect the overall cost, though. Again, the plastering prices are for two skim coats. As for the price according to room size, a small room will set you back around $720, a medium place $880, and a large room about $1260. Ask for a full quotation from the plasterer before any work begins. To get you started, we’ve pulled together average prices in the UK with tips for keeping within budget. The price includes two skim coats and there’s a window in the room too. Below you find our updated price list which includes the following: We’ve also got a ton of other helpful information about plastering on this page. How much does it cost to plaster a room? Average cost of plastering a room is £430, including labour, materials, set-up and clean-up. How to hard plaster a brick wall Walls. Lime Plaster Calculator. Lime Plastering Costs. Here Are The Average Plastering Costs Per Room in 2020: Job Average Cost Time; Re-plaster small room : £440 : 1–1.5 days : Re-plaster medium room : £480 : 1–2 days : Re-plaster large room : £650 : 2–3 days : DIY or Pro? 03:18 How to render Walls . We got three prices which married closely to your estimates. How much does it cost to plaster a room? Small Sized Rooms Cost Approximately £600 plus. On the other hand, wet plaster 1 mostly consists of lime and cement mixed with water and sand to a standard consistency and costs on average $5-$10 per sq.ft. Approximately £100 – £150 per M2 (including labour and materials). 5 – New Boards and Plaster to an Entire Room. Examples of Medium Sized Rooms:Single bedroom, family bathroom, etc. Yes, all the figures on this page include VAT when it was charged by the contractor but many were trading below the VAT threshold so didn’t charge VAT. My rates do go up depending on location,access,square set etc... My hourly rate is $40 per man, a minimum of 4 hours will be charged. You will always pay more for quality. A plasterer will already know his business overheads and the cost of a bag of plaster. Plastering Costs. My rates do go up depending on location,access,square set etc... My hourly rate is $40 per man, a minimum of 4 hours will be charged. Please note these are general guidelines and are NOT a definitive price. Approximately Costs inbetween £18 – £24 per M2. Remove any radiators yourself and put them back afterwards. Total cost: £250.00. Whether the walls are being skimmed or plasterboarded and skimmed. Where you find a competitor's lower price on the same stocked item, we'll beat it by 10 % Excludes trade quotes, stock liquidations, commercial quantities and MarketLink products. Each job has its own set of requirements and specifications that alters the total quote figure. As such, the materials that go into render – and their ratios – differ, since the finished re… This project is the same as project 5 but for plastering the walls in a whole room – 7m x 5m. We sourced prices in late 2020 published this guide to plastering prices in November 2020. Get fair costs for your SPECIFIC project requirements. This price s what it would cost to board and plaster a ceiling that didn’t have in boards on it. Please bear in mind that the prices on this page are just an average of the quotes given to us for very specific projects. Most plasterers tend to charge around £150-£200 per day and for a single wall it shouldn't take any longer than 4 hours to complete the work. Ralph Plastering is a highly recommended plastering company in South London and Surrey providing all aspects of plastering, rendering and screeding services. Assuming kes 400 to plaster both sides, this totals to kes 1000 per m2. This website called Quotation Check gathered prices from hundreds of firms for various home improvement tasks and published their findings online. Drywall 3 comes mostly in gypsum, pre-built panels that are used to line the walls of homes and costs an average $2-$5 per sq.ft. New Installation vs. Resurfacing Installing new plaster 1 is significantly cheaper than doing resurfacing due to the extra preparation and restoration work needed before doing the new plaster 1 overlay. Both have a 20m2 surface area but (a) has 18 lm of walling and finishes and (b) has 24lm of walling finishes. Plasterboard (dot and dab) to existing brick and skim - £10.00 Walls featuring windows, chimney breasts or doorways will increase in price accordingly, normally by between £20-£50. Explore our in-depth guide to external wall rendering prices on this page. Plaster Sand Calculator. Works great and efficiently with underfloor heating due to it being extremely conductive. The cost of plastering a room depends on the size of the room, as mentioned above. Another popular means plasterers use is a measure of the room size. The cost to Apply Gypsum Plaster starts at $3.83 - $4.63 per square foot, but can vary significantly with site conditions and options. Useful calculators to help you through the design process and to assist in the measurement and selection of material requirements. The cost per m2 is as below. Therefore (a) will be the cheaper option /m2 yet they are both 20m2. Need 0.021m3 of plaster sand per 1m2 of wall @ R 265.00 / m3 = R 5,57 one side of the wall : R 11.13: Cement: 1 pocket to plaster 3m2 of wall @ R66.00 per pocket = R66.00 / 4m2 one side of the wall : R 44.00: Labour: R 18 / m2 one side of the wall. Plaster small room. 2–3 days. Cost of 1 ft2 is approx 15 rupees. Cost of labour per bag is kes 30. I didn’t realise it would cost this much to render the outside walls of my home but having researched the cost and getting a few quotes from local bulders you recommended, I can report that your prices were bang on. For a medium sized room the plaster, PVA, fixings and boards will cost around £300.00 and the waste disposal £50.00. The cost to plaster a house will depend on these factors: For the reasons above, it’s impossible to answer the question “how much does it cost to plaster a house?” but our price guides on this page should help you calculate a ballpark figure based on the specifics of your project. Larger firms have more overheads and costs such as sale staff, office staff, costly advertising etc. When you render a property, you add layers of a substance called render to the property’s external walls. Only available in Gauteng. Generally taken 10 mm. If the type of rendering product or materials you require is not listed above, please contact us for more information. On a per square foot basis, new plastering will set you back between $2 and $10 per square foot. Check out our plastering price guide below and then get your own custom quote. Note: Wet plaster installation costs $45 to $90 per m2. The cost to plaster a ceiling can vary depending on a number of factors. Remove and reattach skirting boards and coving etc. These are guidelines and should NOT be treated as a final quote. Costs are for removing existing plaster and starting again from scratch, creating a new base, skimming (adding the plaster coat), and finishing. This project is now a little more complicated: The wall doesn’t have a window or chimney breast in it, just a wall, nice and simple. Bark beetle plaster has received wide distribution in the territory of the countries of the former USSR. The prices displayed on Quotation Check are calculated from quotes supplied to us from tradespeople and companies in the UK. There are plenty of reasons why you may want to get your walls or ceiling plastered: But how much does plastering cost? Cost per m2 is around kes 600. This figure is an average of the prices given to us. Simply type in the height and length of a wall that you want to plaster and click on Calculate at the bottom, we will work out how much sand and cement that you need on the right of this page. Total cost: £250.00. There are a couple of options should you wish to get rid of your Artex, and as Artex often contains asbestos, both options involve sealing it rather than disturbing it. See how much home improvement projects cost with our price guides. Tap the button below and fill in the contact form to get a custom plastering price. It means that, for example, you could install a drop ceiling in a 90m2 flat for some $5,000 or less. This material leaves about 8 kg per 1 m2. Liquid screed can be pumped which eliminates the need for more labour costs. Whether the property is a new build and empty or if the customer is living in the house at the time. We also offer a hassle-free drymixed plaster, PLASTERPRO in a 25kg bag = 1m 2 plaster coverage at 15mm thick. A very enlightening insight into how much specialists are charging for home repairs, maintenance and improvements in the UK. Force drying available which helps to reduce project time frames, leading to quicker completion. Remove existing plaster, dry line, skim and finish. How many cement bags per square meter for plastering? the kind of drop-ceiling tiles or panels, and various other factors discussed below. Approximate cost of plastering to standard quality finish in New Zealand including painting and skirting is as follows: 10mm thick plaster board – $54- $62/m2; 13mm thick plaster board – $56-$65/m2 Basic plastering jobs can cost as low as $44.50/hr.However, if the job involves removing old plaster or adding decorative finishes, you can be charged up to $50/hr. You can render your property yourself, but it’s a time and labour-intensive process, so it’s often best to hire a professional.. As you’d expect, the main determining factor for the cost of rendering is which type you opt for: You can expect to pay somewhere between £20 and £45 per square metre for cement render This option is best for damaged walls where the wall won’t be wallpapered. Skim over Artex to smooth the ceiling, this requires a bonding layer and two skim layers of plaster. Get A Free Render Quote. The cost will vary depending on the type of base coat needed. The cost is subject to the complexity of the task and finishes required. Small Sized Rooms Cost Approximately £200-£300. You can also get quotes on how much do plaster repairs cost. Time to do job. Once a good plasterer is set up and is in his stride, he can cover many metres of wall or ceiling. Only available in Gauteng. The cost to mend a render depends on the extent and type of damage. no of cement bags required per square metre for plastering. Anyway here’s the average cost to apply three layers of plastering over the Artex: This is an option for anyone with Artex or wallpaper on their ceilings.
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